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The UK and German Low-Carbon Industry Transitions from a Sectoral Innovation and System Failures Perspective

1
Decision Support Systems Laboratory, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Politechniou 9, 15780 Athens, Greece
2
Imperial College London, Grantham Institute, London SW7 2AZ, UK
3
Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, 76139 Karlsruhe, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(19), 4994; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13194994
Received: 19 August 2020 / Revised: 17 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 23 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Socio-Technical Scenarios for Energy-Intensive Industries)
Industrial processes are associated with high amounts of energy consumed and greenhouse gases emitted, stressing the urgent need for low-carbon sectoral transitions. This research reviews the energy-intensive iron and steel, cement and chemicals industries of Germany and the United Kingdom, two major emitting countries with significant activity, yet with different recent orientation. Our socio-technical analysis, based on the Sectoral Innovation Systems and the Systems Failure framework, aims to capture existing and potential drivers of or barriers to diffusion of sustainable industrial technologies and extract implications for policy. Results indicate that actor structures and inconsistent policies have limited low-carbon innovation. A critical factor for the successful decarbonisation of German industry lies in overcoming lobbying and resistance to technological innovation caused by strong networks. By contrast, a key to UK industrial decarbonisation is to drive innovation and investment in the context of an industry in decline and in light of Brexit-related uncertainty. View Full-Text
Keywords: United Kingdom; Germany; systems of innovation; sectoral innovation systems; system failures; industrial transitions United Kingdom; Germany; systems of innovation; sectoral innovation systems; system failures; industrial transitions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Koasidis, K.; Nikas, A.; Neofytou, H.; Karamaneas, A.; Gambhir, A.; Wachsmuth, J.; Doukas, H. The UK and German Low-Carbon Industry Transitions from a Sectoral Innovation and System Failures Perspective. Energies 2020, 13, 4994. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13194994

AMA Style

Koasidis K, Nikas A, Neofytou H, Karamaneas A, Gambhir A, Wachsmuth J, Doukas H. The UK and German Low-Carbon Industry Transitions from a Sectoral Innovation and System Failures Perspective. Energies. 2020; 13(19):4994. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13194994

Chicago/Turabian Style

Koasidis, Konstantinos, Alexandros Nikas, Hera Neofytou, Anastasios Karamaneas, Ajay Gambhir, Jakob Wachsmuth, and Haris Doukas. 2020. "The UK and German Low-Carbon Industry Transitions from a Sectoral Innovation and System Failures Perspective" Energies 13, no. 19: 4994. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13194994

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