Next Article in Journal
Multi-Objective Analysis of a Fixed Solar Shading System in Different Climatic Areas
Next Article in Special Issue
Preliminary Study on the GWP Benchmark of Office Buildings in Poland Using the LCA Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Event-Based Simulation of a Decentralized Protection System Based on Secured GOOSE Messages
Previous Article in Special Issue
A PV-Powered TE Cooling System with Heat Recovery: Energy Balance and Environmental Impact Indicators
Article

Assessing the Environmental Performance of Palm Oil Biodiesel Production in Indonesia: A Life Cycle Assessment Approach

1
Graduate Program of Environmental Science, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Jawa Tengah 50241, Indonesia
2
Mining Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Muhammadiyah University of Mataram, Nusa Tenggara Barat 83115, Indonesia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(12), 3248; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13123248
Received: 12 April 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 18 June 2020 / Published: 23 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Life Cycle Assessment and Carbon Footprint in Energy Systems)
The production of palm oil biodiesel in Indonesia has the potential to negatively impact the environment if not managed properly. Therefore, we conducted a life cycle assessment (LCA) study on the production of palm oil biodiesel to assess the environmental performance in Indonesia. Using an LCA approach, we analyzed the environmental indicators, including the carbon footprint, as well as the harm to human health, ecosystem diversity, and resource availability in palm oil biodiesel production. The functional unit in this study was 1 ton of biodiesel. The life cycle of palm oil biodiesel production consists of three processing units, namely the oil palm plantation, palm oil production, and biodiesel production. The processing unit with the greatest impact on the environment was found to be the oil palm plantation. The environmental benefits, namely the use of phosphate, contributed 62.30% of the 73.40% environmental benefit of the CO2 uptake from the oil palm plantation processing unit. The total human health damage of the life cycle of palm oil biodiesel production was 0.00563 DALY, while the total ecosystem’s diversity damage was 2.69 × 10−5 species·yr. Finally, we concluded that the oil palm plantation processing unit was the primary contributor of the carbon footprint, human health damage, and ecosystem diversity damage, while the biodiesel production processing unit demonstrated the highest damage to resource availability. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiesel; carbon footprint; ecosystems; human health; resources biodiesel; carbon footprint; ecosystems; human health; resources
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wahyono, Y.; Hadiyanto, H.; Budihardjo, M.A.; Adiansyah, J.S. Assessing the Environmental Performance of Palm Oil Biodiesel Production in Indonesia: A Life Cycle Assessment Approach. Energies 2020, 13, 3248. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13123248

AMA Style

Wahyono Y, Hadiyanto H, Budihardjo MA, Adiansyah JS. Assessing the Environmental Performance of Palm Oil Biodiesel Production in Indonesia: A Life Cycle Assessment Approach. Energies. 2020; 13(12):3248. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13123248

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wahyono, Yoyon, Hadiyanto Hadiyanto, Mochamad A. Budihardjo, and Joni S. Adiansyah. 2020. "Assessing the Environmental Performance of Palm Oil Biodiesel Production in Indonesia: A Life Cycle Assessment Approach" Energies 13, no. 12: 3248. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13123248

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop