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Quantifying the Environmental Impacts of Cookstove Transitions: A Societal Exergy Analysis Based Model of Energy Consumption and Forest Stocks in Honduras

1
Engineering Department, Calvin University, 3201 Burton St. SE, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA
2
Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
3
Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(12), 3206; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13123206
Received: 14 May 2020 / Revised: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 June 2020 / Published: 20 June 2020
Unsustainable consumption of biofuels contributes to deforestation and climate change, while household air pollution from burning solid biofuels in homes results in millions of premature deaths globally every year. Honduras, like many low and medium Human Development Index countries, depends on primary solid biofuels for more than 30% of its primary energy supply (as of 2013). We conducted a societal exergy analysis and developed a forest stock model for Honduras for 1971–2013 and used the results to model an energy transition from traditional wood stoves to either improved efficiency wood cookstoves or modern fuel cookstoves (using Electricity or Liquefied petroleum gas) over the period 2013–2050. The exergy analysis and forest model enabled quantification of the environmental tradeoffs between the improved efficiency and fuel switching scenarios. We find that the continued reliance on wood within both the existing and improved wood cookstove scenarios would exhaust forest stocks by 2050, though improved efficiency could reduce national greenhouse gas emissions. Modern fuel cookstoves would reduce household air pollution, emissions, and deforestation. However, the best alternative to successfully reduce household air pollution, GHG emissions, and deforestation is a rapid switch to electric stoves with significant investment in renewable-based electricity. View Full-Text
Keywords: societal exergy analysis; forest stocks; Honduras; cookstoves; wood stoves; biofuels; low HDI countries; medium HDI countries societal exergy analysis; forest stocks; Honduras; cookstoves; wood stoves; biofuels; low HDI countries; medium HDI countries
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ver Beek, N.; Vindel, E.; Heun, M.K.; Brockway, P.E. Quantifying the Environmental Impacts of Cookstove Transitions: A Societal Exergy Analysis Based Model of Energy Consumption and Forest Stocks in Honduras. Energies 2020, 13, 3206. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13123206

AMA Style

Ver Beek N, Vindel E, Heun MK, Brockway PE. Quantifying the Environmental Impacts of Cookstove Transitions: A Societal Exergy Analysis Based Model of Energy Consumption and Forest Stocks in Honduras. Energies. 2020; 13(12):3206. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13123206

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ver Beek, Noah, Elvin Vindel, Matthew K. Heun, and Paul E. Brockway. 2020. "Quantifying the Environmental Impacts of Cookstove Transitions: A Societal Exergy Analysis Based Model of Energy Consumption and Forest Stocks in Honduras" Energies 13, no. 12: 3206. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13123206

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