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Article

Developing Smart Energy Communities around Fishery Ports: Toward Zero-Carbon Fishery Ports

1
BRE Trust Centre on Sustainable Engineering, School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AB, UK
2
School of Engineering, Al-Qunfudah Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 715, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This work is an extended version of the paper presented at the 5th International Conference on Energy and Environment Research ICEER 22–25 July 2019 held in Aveiro, Portugal and published in Energy Reports.
Energies 2020, 13(11), 2779; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112779
Received: 6 May 2020 / Revised: 22 May 2020 / Accepted: 25 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Forecasting of Building and District Energy Management)
Air quality and energy consumption are among the top ten environmental priorities in seaports as stated by the European Sea Ports Organization. Globally, it is estimated that 15% of energy consumption can be attributed to refrigeration and air conditioning systems in fishing activities. There is a real need to understand energy usage in fishery ports to help identify areas of improvements, with a view to optimize energy usage and minimize carbon emissions. In this study, we elaborate on ways in which a simulation capability can be developed at the community level with a fishery port, using a real-world case study seaport in Milford Heaven (Wales, UK). This simulation-based strategy is used to investigate the potential of renewable energy, including local solar farms, to meet the local power demand. This has informed the development of a simulation-based optimization strategy meant to explore how smart energy communities can be formed at the port level by integrating the smart grid with the local community energy storage. The main contribution of the paper involves a co-simulation environment that leverages calibrated energy simulation models to deliver an optimization capability that (a) manages electrical storage within a district an environment, and (b) promotes the formation of energy communities in a fishery port ecosystem. This is paving the way to policy implications, not only in terms of carbon and energy reduction, but also in the formation and sustained management of energy communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy communities; smart grid; simulation; optimization; energy storage; industry energy communities; smart grid; simulation; optimization; energy storage; industry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alzahrani, A.; Petri, I.; Rezgui, Y.; Ghoroghi, A. Developing Smart Energy Communities around Fishery Ports: Toward Zero-Carbon Fishery Ports. Energies 2020, 13, 2779. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112779

AMA Style

Alzahrani A, Petri I, Rezgui Y, Ghoroghi A. Developing Smart Energy Communities around Fishery Ports: Toward Zero-Carbon Fishery Ports. Energies. 2020; 13(11):2779. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112779

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alzahrani, Ateyah, Ioan Petri, Yacine Rezgui, and Ali Ghoroghi. 2020. "Developing Smart Energy Communities around Fishery Ports: Toward Zero-Carbon Fishery Ports" Energies 13, no. 11: 2779. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112779

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