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Open AccessArticle

Design for Reliability: The Case of Fractional-Slot Surface Permanent-Magnet Machines

DISMI, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
DIEF, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, 41125 Modena, Italy
Raw Power S.r.l., 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
DEI, University of Bologna, 47521 Cesena, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(9), 1691;
Received: 27 March 2019 / Revised: 23 April 2019 / Accepted: 28 April 2019 / Published: 5 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fault Diagnosis in Electric Motors)
Surface permanent-magnet machines are widely used in different applications, from industrial automation to home appliance and electrical traction. Among any possible machine topology, the fractional-slot surface permanent-magnet one has gained increasing importance, because of its high torque density, low cogging torque, extended flux weakening capability and high efficiency. In addition, fractional-slot machines are attractive for tooth concentrated windings, which allow some optimized manufacturing solutions such as modular stator tooth and high slot filling factor, which result in copper volume reduction; cost reduction, and lower stator parasitic resistances. The slot–pole combination is one of the most important design parameter and, as shown in this paper, it affects performances and the robustness of the machine with respect to the manufacturing imperfections. In the literature, slot–pole combinations are optimized at design phase by finite-element analysis relying on a healthy machine model. The original contribution of this paper is a design for reliability method that models manufacturing defects and includes them at design phase in the optimization process of slot–pole combinations. A method is presented that allows defining the optimal design parameters for maximum performances and robustness towards unavoidable imperfections caused by tolerances of the manufacturing process. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface permanent-magnet machine; slot–pole combination; fractional-slot; manufacturing faults surface permanent-magnet machine; slot–pole combination; fractional-slot; manufacturing faults
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Torreggiani, A.; Bianchini, C.; Davoli, M.; Bellini, A. Design for Reliability: The Case of Fractional-Slot Surface Permanent-Magnet Machines. Energies 2019, 12, 1691.

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