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Energies 2019, 12(7), 1395; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12071395

The Role of Open Access Data in Geospatial Electrification Planning and the Achievement of SDG7. An OnSSET-Based Case Study for Malawi

1
Division of Energy System Analysis, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Brinellvägen 68, 10044 Stockholm, Sweden
2
The World Bank Group, Washington, DC 20433, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 March 2019 / Revised: 4 April 2019 / Accepted: 8 April 2019 / Published: 11 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Open Data and Energy Analytics)
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Abstract

Achieving universal access to electricity is a development challenge many countries are currently battling with. The advancement of information technology has, among others, vastly improved the availability of geographic data and information. That, in turn, has had a considerable impact on tracking progress as well as better informing decision making in the field of electrification. This paper provides an overview of open access geospatial data and GIS based electrification models aiming to support SDG7, while discussing their role in answering difficult policy questions. Upon those, an updated version of the Open Source Spatial Electrification Toolkit (OnSSET-2018) is introduced and tested against the case study of Malawi. At a cost of $1.83 billion the baseline scenario indicates that off-grid PV is the least cost electrification option for 67.4% Malawians, while grid extension can connect about 32.6% of population in 2030. Sensitivity analysis however, indicates that the electricity demand projection determines significantly both the least cost technology mix and the investment required, with the latter ranging between $1.65–7.78 billion. View Full-Text
Keywords: open data; electrification modelling; Malawi; OnSSET open data; electrification modelling; Malawi; OnSSET
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Korkovelos, A.; Khavari, B.; Sahlberg, A.; Howells, M.; Arderne, C. The Role of Open Access Data in Geospatial Electrification Planning and the Achievement of SDG7. An OnSSET-Based Case Study for Malawi. Energies 2019, 12, 1395.

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