Optimal Bidding/Offering Strategy for EV Aggregators under a Novel Business Model
AbstractRealizing the full potential of plug-in electric vehicle (PEVs) in power systems requires the development of business models for PEV owners and electric vehicle aggregators (EVAs). Most business models neglect the significant economic potential of PEV demand response. This paper addresses this challenge by proposing a novel business model to optimize the charging energy of PEVs for maximizing the owners’ profits. The proposed business model aims to overcome the opportunity cost neglect for PEV owners, whose charging energy and charging profiles are optimized with full consideration of the demand curves and market conditions. Lagrangian relaxation technology is used for the relaxation of the constraint of satisfying the charging demand, and as a result, the optimization potential becomes greater. The bidding/offering strategy is formulated as a two-stage stochastic optimization problem, considering the different market prices and initial and target state of energy (SOE) of the PEVs. By case studies and analyses, we demonstrate that the proposed business model can effectively overcome the opportunity cost neglect and increase the PEV owners’ profits. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the proposed business model is incentive-compatible. The PEV owners will be attracted by the proposed business model. View Full-Text
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Chen, D.; Jing, Z.; Tan, H. Optimal Bidding/Offering Strategy for EV Aggregators under a Novel Business Model. Energies 2019, 12, 1384.
Chen D, Jing Z, Tan H. Optimal Bidding/Offering Strategy for EV Aggregators under a Novel Business Model. Energies. 2019; 12(7):1384.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Dapeng; Jing, Zhaoxia; Tan, Huijuan. 2019. "Optimal Bidding/Offering Strategy for EV Aggregators under a Novel Business Model." Energies 12, no. 7: 1384.
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