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Energies 2019, 12(5), 945; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12050945

Coordinated Control for Operating Characteristics Improvement of UHVDC Transmission Systems under Hierarchical Connection Scheme with STATCOM

The State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
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Received: 25 January 2019 / Revised: 4 March 2019 / Accepted: 7 March 2019 / Published: 12 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

Ultra-high voltage direct current (UHVDC) systems under hierarchical connection schemes (HCSs) linked to AC grids with different voltage levels (500 and 1000 kV) have been a great concern for power utilities to transfer bulk power. They have some operating issues like cascaded commutation failures and longer fault recovery time under certain fault conditions. Since STATCOM has the ability to effectively regulate AC busbar voltages, thus it is considered in this paper to improve the operating characteristics of UHVDC-HCS systems. To further improve the operating characteristics, a coordinated control between an UHVDC-HCS system and STATCOM is presented. To validate the effectiveness of coordinated control, the comparison between different control modes such as reactive power control (Q-control) and voltage control (V-control) in the outer loop control of STATCOM are conducted in detail. Various indices like commutation failure immunity index (CFII) and commutation failure probability index (CFPI) are also comprehensively evaluated in order to investigate robustness of the adopted coordinated control. An UHVDC-HCS system with multiple STATCOMs on the inverter side (500 kV bus) is developed in PSCAD/EMTDC. The impact of coordinated control on commutation failure phenomena and fault recovery time during single and three phase AC faults is analyzed. The analysis shows that coordinated control with V-control mode of STATCOM exhibits better performance in enhancing the operating characteristics of UHVDC-HCS system by improving the CFII, effectively reducing the CFPI and fault recovery time under various AC faults. View Full-Text
Keywords: commutation failure; coordinated control; fault recovery time; hierarchical connection scheme (HCS); STATCOM; UHVDC system commutation failure; coordinated control; fault recovery time; hierarchical connection scheme (HCS); STATCOM; UHVDC system
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Rehman, A.U.; Guo, C.; Zhao, C. Coordinated Control for Operating Characteristics Improvement of UHVDC Transmission Systems under Hierarchical Connection Scheme with STATCOM. Energies 2019, 12, 945.

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