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A Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Dimple Effects on Heat Transfer Enhancement with Impinging Jets

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Srinakharinwirot University, Ongkharak, Nakhonnayok 26120, Thailand
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Srinakharinwirot University, Ongkharak, Nakhonnayok 26120, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(5), 813; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12050813
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 23 February 2019 / Accepted: 25 February 2019 / Published: 1 March 2019
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Abstract

This research was aimed at studying the numerical and experimental characteristics of the air flow impinging on a dimpled surface. Heat transfer enhancement between a hot surface and the air is supposed to be obtained from a dimple effect. In the experiment, 15 types of test plate were investigated at different distances between the jet and test plate (B), dimple diameter (d) and dimple distance (Er and Eθ). The testing fluid was air presented in an impinging jet flowing at Re = 1500 to 14,600. A comparison of the heat transfer coefficient was performed between the jet impingement on the dimpled surface and the flat plate. The velocity vector and the temperature contour showed the different air flow characteristics from different test plates. The highest thermal enhancement factor (TEF) was observed under the conditions of B = 2 d, d = 1 cm, Er= 2 d, Eθ = 1.5 d and Re = 1500. This TEF was obtained from the dimpled surface and was 5.5 times higher than that observed in the flat plate. View Full-Text
Keywords: impinging jet; dimple; Nusselt number; heat transfer; heat exchanger impinging jet; dimple; Nusselt number; heat transfer; heat exchanger
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Sriromreun, P.; Sriromreun, P. A Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Dimple Effects on Heat Transfer Enhancement with Impinging Jets. Energies 2019, 12, 813.

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