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Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for the Sustainable Future of Stationary Applications

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Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Universităţii Street, No.13, 720229 Suceava, Romania
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National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenic and Isotopic Technologies—ICSI Rm. Valcea, Uzinei Street, No. 4, P.O. Box 7 Raureni, 240050 Valcea, Romania
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Research and Development Department, ASSIST Software, Romania, 720043 Suceava, Romania
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(23), 4593; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12234593
Received: 29 September 2019 / Revised: 18 November 2019 / Accepted: 29 November 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fuel Cell Renewable Hybrid Power Systems)
The climate changes that are becoming visible today are a challenge for the global research community. The stationary applications sector is one of the most important energy consumers. Harnessing the potential of renewable energy worldwide is currently being considered to find alternatives for obtaining energy by using technologies that offer maximum efficiency and minimum pollution. In this context, new energy generation technologies are needed to both generate low carbon emissions, as well as identifying, planning and implementing the directions for harnessing the potential of renewable energy sources. Hydrogen fuel cell technology represents one of the alternative solutions for future clean energy systems. This article reviews the specific characteristics of hydrogen energy, which recommends it as a clean energy to power stationary applications. The aim of review was to provide an overview of the sustainability elements and the potential of using hydrogen as an alternative energy source for stationary applications, and for identifying the possibilities of increasing the share of hydrogen energy in stationary applications, respectively. As a study method was applied a SWOT analysis, following which a series of strategies that could be adopted in order to increase the degree of use of hydrogen energy as an alternative to the classical energy for stationary applications were recommended. The SWOT analysis conducted in the present study highlights that the implementation of the hydrogen economy depends decisively on the following main factors: legislative framework, energy decision makers, information and interest from the end beneficiaries, potential investors, and existence of specialists in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: alternative energy; energy efficiency; fuel cell; hydrogen energy; stationary application alternative energy; energy efficiency; fuel cell; hydrogen energy; stationary application
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Felseghi, R.-A.; Carcadea, E.; Raboaca, M.S.; TRUFIN, C.N.; Filote, C. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for the Sustainable Future of Stationary Applications. Energies 2019, 12, 4593.

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