This paper presents a frequency adaptive grid voltage sensorless control scheme of a grid-connected inductive–capacitive–inductive (LCL)-filtered inverter, which is based on an adaptive current controller and a grid voltage observer. The frequency adaptive current controller is constructed by a full-state feedback regulator with the augmentation of multiple control terms to restrain not only the inherent resonance phenomenon that is caused by LCL filter, but also current harmonic distortions from an adverse grid environment. The number of required sensing devices is minimized in the proposed scheme by means of a discrete-time current-type observer, which estimates the system state variables, and gradient-method-based observers, which estimate the grid voltages and frequency simultaneously at different grid conditions. The estimated grid frequency is utilized in the current control loop to provide high-quality grid-injected currents, even under harmonic distortions and the frequency variation of grid voltages. As a result, the grid frequency adaptive control performance as well as the robustness against distorted grid voltages can be realized. Finally, an inverter synchronization task without using grid voltage sensors is accomplished by a fundamental grid voltage filter and a phase-locked loop to detect the actual grid phase angle. The stability and convergence performance of the proposed observers have been studied by means of the Lyapunov theory to ensure a high accuracy tracking performance of estimated variables. Simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the feasibility and the effectiveness of the proposed control approach.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited