Applying the Smart Grid Architecture Model for Designing and Validating System-of-Systems in the Power and Energy Domain: A European Perspective
OFFIS—Institute for Information Technology, 26121 Oldenburg, Germany
Department of Information and Electrical Engineering, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, 20099 Hamburg, Germany
Center for Secure Energy Informaticss, University of Applied Sciences Salzburg, Urstein Süd 1, 5412 Puch, Salzburg, Austria
AIT Austrian Institute of Technology—Electric Energy Systems, Center for Energy, 1210 Vienna, Austria
FOSS Research Centre, University of Cyprus, Nicosia 1678, Cyprus
Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico (RSE), 20134 Milan, Italy
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Knowledge intensive products and services, 02044 Espoo, Finland
Institute of Mechanics and Mechatronics, Vienna University of Technology, 1060 Vienna, Austria
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(2), 258; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12020258
Received: 9 December 2018 / Revised: 4 January 2019 / Accepted: 6 January 2019 / Published: 15 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Methods and Concepts for Designing and Validating Smart Grid Systems)
The continuously increasing complexity of modern and sustainable power and energy systems leads to a wide range of solutions developed by industry and academia. To manage such complex system-of-systems, proper engineering and validation approaches, methods, concepts, and corresponding tools are necessary. The Smart Grid Architecture Model (SGAM), an approach that has been developed during the last couple of years, provides a very good and structured basis for the design, development, and validation of new solutions and technologies. This review therefore provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art and related work for the theory, distribution, and use of the aforementioned architectural concept. The article itself provides an overview of the overall method and introduces the theoretical fundamentals behind this approach. Its usage is demonstrated in several European and national research and development projects. Finally, an outlook about future trends, potential adaptations, and extensions is provided as well.