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Large Eddy Simulation of an Onshore Wind Farm with the Actuator Line Model Including Wind Turbine’s Control below and above Rated Wind Speed

IMFIA, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de la República, 11200 Montevideo, Uruguay
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Energies 2019, 12(18), 3508; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12183508
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 27 August 2019 / Accepted: 29 August 2019 / Published: 11 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines)
As the size of wind turbines increases and their hub heights become higher, which partially explains the vertiginous increase of wind power worldwide in the last decade, the interaction of wind turbines with the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) and between each other is becoming more complex. There are different approaches to model and compute the aerodynamic loads, and hence the power production, on wind turbines subject to ABL inflow conditions ranging from the classical Blade Element Momentum (BEM) method to Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) approaches. Also, modern multi-MW wind turbines have a torque controller and a collective pitch controller to manage power output, particularly in maximizing power production or when it is required to down-regulate their production. In this work the results of a validated numerical method, based on a Large Eddy Simulation-Actuator Line Model framework, was applied to simulate a real 7.7 MNW onshore wind farm on Uruguay under different wind conditions, and hence operational situations are shown with the aim to assess the capability of this approach to model actual wind farm dynamics. A description of the implementation of these controllers in the CFD solver Caffa3d, presenting the methodology applied to obtain the controller parameters, is included. For validation, the simulation results were compared with 1 Hz data obtained from the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System of the wind farm, focusing on the temporal evolution of the following variables: Wind velocity, rotor angular speed, pitch angle, and electric power. In addition to this, simulations applying active power control at the wind turbine level are presented under different de-rate signals, both constant and time-varying, and were subject to different wind speed profiles and wind directions where there was interaction between wind turbines and their wakes. View Full-Text
Keywords: large eddy simulation; actuator line model; wind energy; wind turbine; power control large eddy simulation; actuator line model; wind energy; wind turbine; power control
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Guggeri, A.; Draper, M. Large Eddy Simulation of an Onshore Wind Farm with the Actuator Line Model Including Wind Turbine’s Control below and above Rated Wind Speed. Energies 2019, 12, 3508.

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