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Open AccessArticle

Carbon Dioxide Capture from Flue Gas Using Tri-Sodium Phosphate as an Effective Sorbent

1
Catalytic Processes and Materials, Faculty of Science and Technology, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, Drienerlolaan 5, 7522 NB Enschede, The Netherlands
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia
3
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, Chennai 600036, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors contributed equally.
Energies 2019, 12(15), 2889; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12152889
Received: 18 June 2019 / Revised: 18 July 2019 / Accepted: 24 July 2019 / Published: 26 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Capture, Storage and Utilization)
Fossil fuels are dominant as an energy source, typically producing carbon dioxide (CO2) and enhancing global climate change. The present work reports the application of low-cost tri-sodium phosphate (TSP) to capture CO2 from model flue gas (CO2 + N2) mixture, in a batch mode and fixed-bed setup. It is observed that TSP has a high CO2 capture capacity as well as high CO2 selectivity. At ambient temperature, TSP shows a maximum CO2 capture capacity of 198 mg CO2/g of TSP. Furthermore, the CO2 capture efficiency of TSP over a flue gas mixture was found to be more than 90%. Fresh and spent materials were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Preliminary experiments were also conducted to evaluate the performance of regenerated TSP. The spent TSP was regenerated using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and its recyclability was tested for three consecutive cycles. A conceptual prototype for post-combustion CO2 capture based on TSP material has also been discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 capture; tri-sodium phosphate; inorganic sorbent; gas separation; flue gas mixture CO2 capture; tri-sodium phosphate; inorganic sorbent; gas separation; flue gas mixture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sakpal, T.; Kumar, A.; Aman, Z.M.; Kumar, R. Carbon Dioxide Capture from Flue Gas Using Tri-Sodium Phosphate as an Effective Sorbent. Energies 2019, 12, 2889.

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