The aerodynamic performance of bridge deck girders requires a thorough assessment and optimization in the design of long-span bridges. The present paper describes a numerical investigation of the aerodynamic characteristics of a twin-box bridge girder cross section in the range of angles of attack between −10.0° and +10.2°. The simulations are performed by solving 2D unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (URANS) equations together with the k–ω
shear stress transport (SST) turbulence model. The investigated Reynolds number (Re
) based on the free stream velocity (
) and the height of the deck (D
) is 31,000. The predicted aerodynamic characteristics such as the mean drag, lift and moment coefficients, are generally in good agreement with the results from the wind tunnel tests. Changes of flow patterns and aerodynamic forces with different angles of attack are investigated. Flow characteristics during one vortex shedding period are highlighted. Relative contributions of each of the two bridge decks to the overall drag and lift coefficients, with respect to the angle of attack, are also discussed.
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