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Application of the Double Diode Model of Photovoltaic Cells for Simulation Studies on the Impact of Partial Shading of Silicon Photovoltaic Modules on the Waveforms of Their Current–Voltage Characteristic

Faculty of Civil Engineering, Mechanics and Petrochemistry, Warsaw University of Technology, 09-400 Płock, Poland
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Energies 2019, 12(12), 2421; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122421
Received: 17 April 2019 / Revised: 30 May 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 24 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Systems)
Photovoltaics (PV) is the phenomenon of converting sun energy into electric energy by using photovoltaic cells. Furthermore, solar energy is the major renewable energy source. PV modules are systematically more efficient and manufacturing costs decrease at the same time. The PV module performance is affected by ambient temperature, humidity, wind speed, rainfall, incident solar radiation intensity and spectrum, dust deposition, pollution, and shading, which are environmental factors. The problem of partial shading of the generator often arises when designing photovoltaic installations. If it is not possible to avoid this phenomenon, its impact on the operation of the photovoltaic system should be estimated. The classical method is to measure the current–voltage characteristics, but it requires switching off the installation for the duration of the measurements. Therefore, this paper proposes a method using a computer simulation in the Matlab package with the implemented component “Solar Cell” for this purpose. Three cases of partial shading of photovoltaic modules with different degrees of shading were analyzed. The obtained results of the computer simulation were verified for two types of silicon PV modules: Mono- and polycrystalline. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaics; PV cell; PV module; partial shading; current–voltage characteristics photovoltaics; PV cell; PV module; partial shading; current–voltage characteristics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sarniak, M.T.; Wernik, J.; Wołosz, K.J. Application of the Double Diode Model of Photovoltaic Cells for Simulation Studies on the Impact of Partial Shading of Silicon Photovoltaic Modules on the Waveforms of Their Current–Voltage Characteristic. Energies 2019, 12, 2421. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122421

AMA Style

Sarniak MT, Wernik J, Wołosz KJ. Application of the Double Diode Model of Photovoltaic Cells for Simulation Studies on the Impact of Partial Shading of Silicon Photovoltaic Modules on the Waveforms of Their Current–Voltage Characteristic. Energies. 2019; 12(12):2421. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122421

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sarniak, Mariusz T.; Wernik, Jacek; Wołosz, Krzysztof J. 2019. "Application of the Double Diode Model of Photovoltaic Cells for Simulation Studies on the Impact of Partial Shading of Silicon Photovoltaic Modules on the Waveforms of Their Current–Voltage Characteristic" Energies 12, no. 12: 2421. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122421

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