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Physical and Chemical Properties of Waste from PET Bottles Washing as A Component of Solid Fuels

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Faculty of Infrastructure and Environment, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Czestochowa University of Technology, Brzeźnicka St. 60a, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
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Faculty of Production and Power Engineering, Agricultural University of Krakow, 31-103 Kraków, Poland
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Department of Quality and Engineering Technologies, Faculty of Engineering, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(11), 2197; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12112197
Received: 1 May 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 10 June 2019
Waste incineration is one of the paths of implementation of the European Union’s strategy aimed at reducing the amount of waste deposited in landfills. Along with the development of methods for processing and recycling various wastes, new waste is generated. One example is waste from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles washed during their recycling. In this paper, physical and chemical properties of such wastes are analyzed in terms of their use in the power industry. This research is part of the search for new sources and new technologies for energy production. The study has taken into account the energy properties of waste intended for combustion (calorific value, water content, chemical composition, volatile substances, combustible and non-flammable content). Thermogravimetric analysis of the material tested indicated that the waste is a good source of energy. It was found that the elemental composition (C, H, N, S, O) of the waste investigated is similar to that for biomass materials, and the calorific value of 13.2 MJ/kg qualifies the waste for combustion, provided that its initial moisture is reduced, for example, for co-combustion in the cement industry. Another possibility is mixing the waste with other kinds of waste to obtain a new fuel with more satisfactory parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: PET bottles washing; alternative fuel; refuse derived fuel; PET recycling PET bottles washing; alternative fuel; refuse derived fuel; PET recycling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jabłońska, B.; Kiełbasa, P.; Korenko, M.; Dróżdż, T. Physical and Chemical Properties of Waste from PET Bottles Washing as A Component of Solid Fuels. Energies 2019, 12, 2197. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12112197

AMA Style

Jabłońska B, Kiełbasa P, Korenko M, Dróżdż T. Physical and Chemical Properties of Waste from PET Bottles Washing as A Component of Solid Fuels. Energies. 2019; 12(11):2197. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12112197

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jabłońska, Beata, Paweł Kiełbasa, Maroš Korenko, and Tomasz Dróżdż. 2019. "Physical and Chemical Properties of Waste from PET Bottles Washing as A Component of Solid Fuels" Energies 12, no. 11: 2197. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12112197

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