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China Progress on Renewable Energy Vehicles: Fuel Cells, Hydrogen and Battery Hybrid Vehicles

by 1,2,3,*, 4 and 1,2,3
1
Guangdong Key Lab for Hydrogen Energy Technologies, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China
2
Foshan (Yunfu) Research Institute for Hydrogen Energy & New Material Development, Yunfu 527300, China
3
Guangdong Nation-Synergy Hydrogen Power Technologies Co. Ltd., Yunfu 527300, China
4
School of Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(1), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010054
Received: 13 November 2018 / Revised: 11 December 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 25 December 2018
Clean, renewable energy for Chinese cities is a priority in air quality improvement. This paper describes the recent Chinese advances in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) hydrogen-fuel-cell-battery vehicles, including buses and trucks. Following the 2016 Chinese government plan for new energy vehicles, bus production in Foshan has now overtaken that in the EU, USA and Japan combined. Hydrogen infrastructure requires much advance to catch up but numbers of filling stations are now increasing rapidly in the large cities. A particular benefit in China is the large number of battery manufacturing companies which fit well into the energy storage plan for hybrid fuel cell buses. The first city to manufacture thousands of PEM-battery hybrid buses is Foshan where the Feichi (Allenbus) company has built a new factory next to a novel fuel cell production line capable of producing 500 MW of fuel cell units per year. Hundreds of these buses are running on local Foshan routes this year, while production of city delivery trucks has also been substantial. Results for energy consumption of these vehicles are presented and fitted to the Coulomb theory previously delineated. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen energy; hybrid-fuel-cell-battery-buses; zero-emission; energy consumption versus weight hydrogen energy; hybrid-fuel-cell-battery-buses; zero-emission; energy consumption versus weight
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Z.; Kendall, K.; Yan, X. China Progress on Renewable Energy Vehicles: Fuel Cells, Hydrogen and Battery Hybrid Vehicles. Energies 2019, 12, 54. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010054

AMA Style

Liu Z, Kendall K, Yan X. China Progress on Renewable Energy Vehicles: Fuel Cells, Hydrogen and Battery Hybrid Vehicles. Energies. 2019; 12(1):54. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010054

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Zhixiang, Kevin Kendall, and Xieqiang Yan. 2019. "China Progress on Renewable Energy Vehicles: Fuel Cells, Hydrogen and Battery Hybrid Vehicles" Energies 12, no. 1: 54. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010054

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