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Energies 2018, 11(9), 2336; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092336

A Pressure-Coordinated Control for Vehicle Electro-Hydraulic Braking Systems

1
State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
2
School of Automotive Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
3
College of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2018 / Revised: 25 August 2018 / Accepted: 27 August 2018 / Published: 4 September 2018
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Abstract

The characteristics of electro-hydraulic braking systems have a direct influence on the fuel consumption, emissions, brake safety, and ride comfort of hybrid electric vehicles. In order to realize efficient energy recovery for ensuring braking safety and considering that the existing electro-hydraulic braking pressure control systems have control complexity disadvantages and functional limitations, this study considers the front and rear dual-motor-driven hybrid electric vehicle as the prototype and based on antilock brake system (ABS) hardware, proposes a new braking pressure coordinated control system with electro-hydraulic braking function and developed a corresponding control strategy in order to realize efficient energy recovery and ensure braking safety, while considering the disadvantages of control complexity and functional limitations of existing electro-hydraulic system. The system satisfies the pressure coordinated control requirements of conventional braking, regenerative braking, and ABS braking. The vehicle dynamics model based on braking control strategy and pressure coordinated control system is established, and thereafter, the performance simulation of the vehicle-based pressure coordinated control system under typical braking conditions is carried out to validate the performance of the proposed system and control strategy. The simulation results show that the braking energy recovery rates under three different conditions—variable braking intensity, constant braking intensity and integrated braking model—are 66%, 55% and 47%. The battery state of charge (SOC) recovery rates are 0.37%, 0.31% and 0.36%. This proves that the motor can recover the reduced energy of the vehicle during braking and provide an appropriate braking force. It realizes the ABS control function and has good dynamic response and braking pressure control accuracy. The simulation results illustrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the program which lays the foundation for further design and optimization of the new regenerative braking system. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid electric vehicle; electro-hydraulic braking; braking force distribution; braking system design; pressure coordinated control hybrid electric vehicle; electro-hydraulic braking; braking force distribution; braking system design; pressure coordinated control
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Yang, Y.; Li, G.; Zhang, Q. A Pressure-Coordinated Control for Vehicle Electro-Hydraulic Braking Systems. Energies 2018, 11, 2336.

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