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Energies 2018, 11(9), 2329; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092329

Numerical Simulation Study on Seepage Theory of a Multi-Section Fractured Horizontal Well in Shale Gas Reservoirs Based on Multi-Scale Flow Mechanisms

1
State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, Sichuan, China
2
Hekou Production Plant of Shengli Oilfield, Dongying 257000, Shandong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 August 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 27 August 2018 / Published: 4 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flow and Transport Properties of Unconventional Reservoirs 2018)
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Abstract

Aimed at the multi-scale fractures for stimulated reservoir volume (SRV)-fractured horizontal wells in shale gas reservoirs, a mathematical model of unsteady seepage is established, which considers the characteristics of a dual media of matrix and natural fractures as well as flow in the large-scale hydraulic fractures, based on a discrete-fracture model. Multi-scale flow mechanisms, such as gas desorption, the Klinkenberg effect, and gas diffusion are taken into consideration. A three-dimensional numerical model based on the finite volume method is established, which includes the construction of spatial discretization, calculation of average pressure gradient, and variable at interface, etc. Some related processing techniques, such as boundedness processing upstream and downstream of grid flow, was used to limit non-physical oscillation at large-scale hydraulic fracture interfaces. The sequential solution is performed to solve the pressure equations of matrix, natural, and large-scale hydraulic fractures. The production dynamics and pressure distribution of a multi-section fractured horizontal well in a shale gas reservoir are calculated. Results indicate that, with the increase of the Langmuir volume, the average formation pressure decreases at a slow rate. Simultaneously, the initial gas production and the contribution ratio of the desorbed gas increase. With the decrease of the pore size of the matrix, gas diffusion and the Klinkenberg effect have a greater impact on shale gas production. By changing the fracture half-length and the number of fractured sections, we observe that the production process can not only pursue the long fractures or increase the number of fractured sections, but also should optimize the parameters such as the perforation position, cluster spacing, and fracturing sequence. The stimulated reservoir volume can effectively control the shale reservoir. View Full-Text
Keywords: shale gas; volume fracturing; finite volume method; production simulation; multi-scale flow; multi-scale fracture shale gas; volume fracturing; finite volume method; production simulation; multi-scale flow; multi-scale fracture
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Tang, C.; Chen, X.; Du, Z.; Yue, P.; Wei, J. Numerical Simulation Study on Seepage Theory of a Multi-Section Fractured Horizontal Well in Shale Gas Reservoirs Based on Multi-Scale Flow Mechanisms. Energies 2018, 11, 2329.

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