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Energies 2018, 11(9), 2314; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092314

Planning of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure for Urban Areas with Tight Land Supply

State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China
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Received: 26 August 2018 / Revised: 29 August 2018 / Accepted: 30 August 2018 / Published: 3 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Fundamentals and Conversion)
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Abstract

Motivated by the development of electric vehicles (EVs), this paper addresses the planning of EV charging infrastructures (EVCIs). Considering that the optimal locations for EVCIs in most cities with a tight land supply are difficult to obtain, it is significant to study the planning of EVCIs in such cities. This paper proposes a planning method and model of EVCIs under the condition that alternative locations of centralized charging infrastructures (CCIs) are known. Firstly, based on the principle of energy equivalence, the sales volume of the fuel of gas stations in the planned area is converted into the equivalent electric quantity (EEQ) and the EEQ is divided according to the demands of different EVs for charging. Then, an equal product of the load and distance (EPLD) criterion is used to distribute the EEQ to CCIs and distributed charging infrastructures (DCIs) located in areas for load forecasting. The final plan is given out after checking the constraints and planning rationality. In addition, the net present value (NPV), the average charging distance, and the total harmonic distortion (THD) rate are used to evaluate the planning scheme. Finally, the feasibility and practicability of the proposed method are verified by a case study in Beijing. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicles (EVs); load forecasting; centralized charging infrastructures (CCIs); distributed charging infrastructures (DCIs); energy equivalence; rigid equivalent electric quantity (REEQ); flexible equivalent electric quantity (FEEQ) electric vehicles (EVs); load forecasting; centralized charging infrastructures (CCIs); distributed charging infrastructures (DCIs); energy equivalence; rigid equivalent electric quantity (REEQ); flexible equivalent electric quantity (FEEQ)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Guo, C.; Yang, J.; Yang, L. Planning of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure for Urban Areas with Tight Land Supply. Energies 2018, 11, 2314.

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