Next Article in Journal
The Stability Analysis of a Multi-Port Single-Phase Solid-State Transformer in the Electromagnetic Timescale
Previous Article in Journal
Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis of Wind Turbines Gearbox Bearing Temperature Based on Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test and Convolutional Neural Network Model
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Addendum published on 17 January 2019, see Energies 2019, 12(2), 286.

Open AccessReview
Energies 2018, 11(9), 2249;

Transient Faults in Wind Energy Conversion Systems: Analysis, Modelling Methodologies and Remedies

Power Electronics & Renewable Research Laboratory (PEARL), Block M, Level 5, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Malaya, Power Energy Dedicated Advanced Center (UMPEDAC), Level 4, R & D UM, Kuala Lumpur 59990, Malaysia
School of Software & Electrical Engineering, Swinburne, Victoria 3122, Australia
School of Engineering, Deakin University, Victoria 3125, Australia
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 July 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 16 August 2018 / Published: 27 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
Full-Text   |   PDF [8883 KB, uploaded 26 January 2019]   |  


This paper presents an in-depth review of classical and state-of-the-art models for analysing the transient stability in wind energy conversion systems. Various transient simulation models for a number of wind turbine generator (WTG) configurations are introduced, under different disturbances. The mitigation is achieved, by manipulating the generator speed and power electronics control, whereas the protection is implemented using conventional, intelligent or digital relays for the safety of sensitive components, in case of transient fault occurrence. The various control systems in WECS are basically employed to transform and regulate the varying frequency, owing to the stochastic nature of wind speed, to the standard 50-Hz or 60-Hz frequency for coupling to an existing electrical utility grid. It has been observed that the control and protection schemes in wind energy systems are concurrently applied. Transient faults in WECSs are a dominant power quality problem especially in the doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG), and often classified as overcurrent or overvoltage transients. These transients are measured using the transient stability index and analysed using the EMTDC/PSCAD software. In addition, the inertia of the rotating masses of wind turbine generators is often characterized by a transient torque, which generates oscillations in power systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: transients; transient stability; wind turbines; DFIG; WTG; WECS transients; transient stability; wind turbines; DFIG; WTG; WECS

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Abubakar, U.; Mekhilef, S.; Mokhlis, H.; Seyedmahmoudian, M.; Horan, B.; Stojcevski, A.; Bassi, H.; Hosin Rawa, M.J. Transient Faults in Wind Energy Conversion Systems: Analysis, Modelling Methodologies and Remedies. Energies 2018, 11, 2249.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top