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Energies 2018, 11(8), 2009; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11082009

Design and Control of a Three-Coil Permanent Magnet Spherical Motor

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Federal University of Ceará, Center of Technology, Campus of Pici, Fortaleza, Ceará 60455-900, Brazil
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Federal University of Western Bahia, Campus of Lapa, Bom Jesus da Lapa, Bahia 47600-000, Brazil
3
Department of Teleinformatics Engineering, Federal University of Ceará, Center of Technology, Campus of Pici, Fortaleza, Ceará 60455-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2018 / Revised: 31 July 2018 / Accepted: 31 July 2018 / Published: 2 August 2018
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Abstract

The permanent magnet (PM) spherical motor has been subject to growing interest from the scientific community due to its potential for applications in distinct areas, particularly in robotics, prosthetics, satellite control, sensors or camera systems. Motivated by this movement, the current work presents all the steps for the efficient design and construction of a spherical motor model, using compound deposition technology with the aid of a 3D printer. Furthermore, we report comprehensive studies on the accuracy of the positioning system of the proposed motor using only three stator coils, which jointly act to move the rotor axis toward any point in the hemisphere. Unmodeled nonlinear phenomena, such as friction, impair accurate positioning of the motor actuator, but this is solved by means of a visual servo control system, which allows the user to collect input–output data to train an artificial neural network model. Details on the construction of the proposed motor are reported, in addition to the numerical results of the positioning control in tracking a desired trajectory. View Full-Text
Keywords: spherical motor; visual motor control; neural networks; prototype construction; positioning control; design validation spherical motor; visual motor control; neural networks; prototype construction; positioning control; design validation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Souza, K.N.; Pontes, R.S.T.; Oliveira, A.P.; Barreto, G.A. Design and Control of a Three-Coil Permanent Magnet Spherical Motor. Energies 2018, 11, 2009.

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