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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1875; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071875

The Geometry Effect of Cathode/Anode Areas Ratio on Electrochemical Performance of Button Fuel Cell Using Mixed Conducting Materials

1
School of Energy and Power, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, China
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 June 2018 / Revised: 4 July 2018 / Accepted: 17 July 2018 / Published: 18 July 2018
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Abstract

Intermediate temperature (IT) fuel cells using mixed conducting materials have been reported by many researchers by adopting different compositions, microstructures, manufacture processes and testing conditions. Most iop-Vop relationships of these button electrochemical devices are experimentally achieved based on anode or cathode surface area (i.e., AanAca). In this paper, a 3D multi-physics model for a typical IT solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) that carefully considers detail electrochemical reaction, electric leakage, and e, ion and gas transporting coupling processes has been developed and verified to study the effect of Aca/Aan on button cell iop-Vop performance. The result shows that the over zone of the larger electrode can enhance charges and gas transport capacities within a limited scale of only 0.03 cm. The over electrode zone exceed this width would be inactive. Thus, the active zone of button fuel cell is restricted within the smaller electrode area min(Aan, Aca) due to the relative large disc radius and thin component layer. For a specified Vop, evaluating the responded iop by dividing output current Iop with min(Aan, Aca) for a larger value is reasonable to present real performance in the current device scale of cm. However, while the geometry of button cells or other electrochemical devices approach the scale less than 100 μm, the effect of over electrode zone on electrochemical performance should not be ignored. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrode areas ratio effect; electrochemical performance; mixed conducting material; multi-physics numerical modeling electrode areas ratio effect; electrochemical performance; mixed conducting material; multi-physics numerical modeling
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Chen, D.; Hu, B.; Ding, K.; Yan, C.; Lu, L. The Geometry Effect of Cathode/Anode Areas Ratio on Electrochemical Performance of Button Fuel Cell Using Mixed Conducting Materials. Energies 2018, 11, 1875.

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