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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1793; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071793

Induction Motor Drive Direct Torque Control and Predictive Torque Control Comparison Based on Switching Pattern Analysis

Department of Electric Drives and Traction, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, 16627, Czech Republic
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Received: 23 May 2018 / Revised: 4 July 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 8 July 2018
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Abstract

This paper describes a switching pattern generated in case of induction motor drive predictive torque control (PTC) compared to a switching pattern of direct torque control (DTC). PTC is a modern control method for electric drives based on model predictive control (MPC). DTC is a very powerful method and is today an industrial standard for controlling an induction motor drive. Its usage is wide-spread, mainly in high-power applications. However, the method suffers from a few disadvantages. One of the causes of the control method’s problematic behavior is choosing the switching combinations in the flux sector. Another inconvenience is the common selection table not including all voltage vectors in given sector. By these factors, the ripples of flux vector trajectory and torque waveforms are influenced. The longer the sample time is, the more significant the influence of factors becomes, because only a few steps occur within one turn of the magnetic flux vector. Based on the detailed analysis, the reasons of the different performance of both systems are explained. The analysis performed by simulation in Matlab Simulink environment has proved that, while DTC might choose voltage vector that pushes system away from the reference values, the MPC always chooses the most proper vector. The experimental results measured on the real drive confirm the appropriate vector selection, just in case of the predictive control method. View Full-Text
Keywords: direct torque control; model predictive control; induction motor drive; voltage source inverter; switching patterns direct torque control; model predictive control; induction motor drive; voltage source inverter; switching patterns
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Karlovsky, P.; Lettl, J. Induction Motor Drive Direct Torque Control and Predictive Torque Control Comparison Based on Switching Pattern Analysis. Energies 2018, 11, 1793.

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