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Energies 2018, 11(6), 1432; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061432

Sealing Failure Analysis on V-Shaped Sealing Rings of an Inserted Sealing Tool Used for Multistage Fracturing Processes

1,2,* , 1,* , 2,* , 1
,
3
and
4
1
School of Mechatronic Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China
2
Industrial Systems Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, SK S4S 0A2, Canada
3
Sanden Chongqing Automative Air Conditionting CO. Ltd., Chongqing 401120, China
4
Engeering Technology Reasearch Insititute, PetroChina Southwest Oil & Gas Field Company, Chengdu 610017, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 April 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 31 May 2018 / Published: 3 June 2018
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Abstract

The inserted sealing tool is a critical downhole implement that is used to balance the downhole pressure in multistage fracturing operations and prevent fracturing fluid from overflow and/or backward flow. The sealing ring of an inserted sealing tool plays an important role in downhole sealing since a sealing failure would ail the fracturing operation. In order to improve the sealing performance and reduce the potential fracturing failures, this research aims to investigate the influence of V-shaped sealing ring geometries on sealing performance. Constitutive experiments of rubber materials were carried out and the parameters of the constitutive relationship of rubber materials were obtained. A two-dimensional axisymmetric model considering the sealing ring has been established and influences are investigated with considerations of various system parameters and operating conditions. It is found that the stresses concentrated at the shoulder and inner vertex of the sealing ring have direct impact on the damage of the sealing rings under operational conditions. Moreover, the sealing interference, among several other factors, greatly affects the life of the sealing ring. A new design of the sealing ring is suggested with optimized geometric parameters. Its geometric parameters are the edge height of 5 mm, the vertex angle of 90°–100°, and the interference of 0.1 mm, which show a better performance and prolonged operation life of the sealing ring. View Full-Text
Keywords: inserted sealing tool; V-shaped sealing ring; multistage fracturing; sealing failure; design optimization; numerical simulation inserted sealing tool; V-shaped sealing ring; multistage fracturing; sealing failure; design optimization; numerical simulation
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Hu, G.; Wang, G.; Dai, L.; Zhang, P.; Li, M.; Fu, Y. Sealing Failure Analysis on V-Shaped Sealing Rings of an Inserted Sealing Tool Used for Multistage Fracturing Processes. Energies 2018, 11, 1432.

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