Next Article in Journal
Quantitative Prediction of Power Loss for Damaged Photovoltaic Modules Using Electroluminescence
Previous Article in Journal
Fundamental Material Properties of the 2LiBH4-MgH2 Reactive Hydride Composite for Hydrogen Storage: (II) Kinetic Properties
Previous Article in Special Issue
Comparison of Different Approaches to Predict the Performance of Pumps As Turbines (PATs)
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2018, 11(5), 1171;

Modeling Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure to Support Passenger Vehicles

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO 80401, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in the 30th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems (ECOS), San Diego, CA 92182, USA, 2–6 July 2017.
Received: 13 April 2018 / Revised: 28 April 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
PDF [19213 KB, uploaded 7 May 2018]


The year 2014 marked hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) first becoming commercially available in California, where significant investments are being made to promote the adoption of alternative transportation fuels. A refueling infrastructure network that guarantees adequate coverage and expands in line with vehicle sales is required for FCEVs to be successfully adopted by private customers. In this paper, we provide an overview of modelling methodologies used to project hydrogen refueling infrastructure requirements to support FCEV adoption, and we describe, in detail, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s scenario evaluation and regionalization analysis (SERA) model. As an example, we use SERA to explore two alternative scenarios of FCEV adoption: one in which FCEV deployment is limited to California and several major cities in the United States; and one in which FCEVs reach widespread adoption, becoming a major option as passenger vehicles across the entire country. Such scenarios can provide guidance and insights for efforts required to deploy the infrastructure supporting transition toward different levels of hydrogen use as a transportation fuel for passenger vehicles in the United States. View Full-Text
Keywords: alternative fuels; hydrogen; fuel cell electric vehicles; refueling infrastructure alternative fuels; hydrogen; fuel cell electric vehicles; refueling infrastructure

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Muratori, M.; Bush, B.; Hunter, C.; Melaina, M.W. Modeling Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure to Support Passenger Vehicles . Energies 2018, 11, 1171.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top