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Energies 2018, 11(5), 1107; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11051107

Short-Term Solar Irradiance Forecasts Using Sky Images and Radiative Transfer Model

1
School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12203, USA
3
State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 April 2018 / Revised: 24 April 2018 / Accepted: 27 April 2018 / Published: 1 May 2018
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Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel forecast method which addresses the difficulty in short-term solar irradiance forecasting that arises due to rapidly evolving environmental factors over short time periods. This involves the forecasting of Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) that combines prediction sky images with a Radiative Transfer Model (RTM). The prediction images (up to 10 min ahead) are produced by a non-local optical flow method, which is used to calculate the cloud motion for each pixel, with consecutive sky images at 1 min intervals. The Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) and the diffuse radiation intensity field under clear sky and overcast conditions obtained from the RTM are then mapped to the sky images. Through combining the cloud locations on the prediction image with the corresponding instance of image-based DNI and diffuse radiation intensity fields, the GHI can be quantitatively forecasted for time horizons of 1–10 min ahead. The solar forecasts are evaluated in terms of root mean square error (RMSE) and mean absolute error (MAE) in relation to in-situ measurements and compared to the performance of the persistence model. The results of our experiment show that GHI forecasts using the proposed method perform better than the persistence model. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar forecasting; sky imaging; radiative transfer model; Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) solar forecasting; sky imaging; radiative transfer model; Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI)
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Du, J.; Min, Q.; Zhang, P.; Guo, J.; Yang, J.; Yin, B. Short-Term Solar Irradiance Forecasts Using Sky Images and Radiative Transfer Model. Energies 2018, 11, 1107.

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