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Energies 2018, 11(4), 949;

Stacking Ensemble Learning for Short-Term Electricity Consumption Forecasting

Division of Computer Science, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, ES-41013 Seville, Spain
Faculty of Computer Science, University of Namur, B-5000 Namur, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2018 / Revised: 4 April 2018 / Accepted: 9 April 2018 / Published: 16 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Data Science and Big Data in Energy Forecasting)
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The ability to predict short-term electric energy demand would provide several benefits, both at the economic and environmental level. For example, it would allow for an efficient use of resources in order to face the actual demand, reducing the costs associated to the production as well as the emission of CO 2 . To this aim, in this paper we propose a strategy based on ensemble learning in order to tackle the short-term load forecasting problem. In particular, our approach is based on a stacking ensemble learning scheme, where the predictions produced by three base learning methods are used by a top level method in order to produce final predictions. We tested the proposed scheme on a dataset reporting the energy consumption in Spain over more than nine years. The obtained experimental results show that an approach for short-term electricity consumption forecasting based on ensemble learning can help in combining predictions produced by weaker learning methods in order to obtain superior results. In particular, the system produces a lower error with respect to the existing state-of-the art techniques used on the same dataset. More importantly, this case study has shown that using an ensemble scheme can achieve very accurate predictions, and thus that it is a suitable approach for addressing the short-term load forecasting problem. View Full-Text
Keywords: ensamble learning; time series forecasting; energy consumption forecasting; evolutionary computation; neural networks; regression ensamble learning; time series forecasting; energy consumption forecasting; evolutionary computation; neural networks; regression

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Divina, F.; Gilson, A.; Goméz-Vela, F.; García Torres, M.; Torres, J.F. Stacking Ensemble Learning for Short-Term Electricity Consumption Forecasting. Energies 2018, 11, 949.

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