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Energies 2018, 11(4), 940; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11040940

Simulation Modeling and Optimization of Uniflow Scavenging System Parameters on Opposed-Piston Two-Stroke Engines

School of Energy and Power Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China
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Received: 31 January 2018 / Revised: 9 April 2018 / Accepted: 10 April 2018 / Published: 16 April 2018
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Abstract

Based on the introduction of opposed-piston two-stroke (OP2S) gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines, the OP2S-GDI engine working principle and scavenging process were analyzed. GT-Power software was employed to model the working process based on the structural style and principle of OP2S-GDI engine. The tracer gas method and OP2S-GDI engine experiment were employed for model validation at full load of 6000 rpm. The OP2S-GDI engine scavenging system parameters were optimized, including intake port height stroke ratio, intake port circumference ratio, exhaust port height stroke ratio, exhaust port circumference ratio, and opposed-piston motion phase difference. At the same time, the effect of the port height stroke ratio and opposed-piston motion phase difference on effective compression ratio and expansion ratio were considered, and the indicated work was employed as the optimization objective. A three-level orthogonal experiment was applied in the calculation process to reduce the calculation work. The influence and correlation coefficient on the scavenging efficiency and delivery ratio were investigated by the orthogonal experiment analysis of intake and exhaust port height stroke ratio and circular utilization. The effect of the scavenging system parameters on delivery ratio, scavenging efficiency and indicated work were calculated to obtain the best parameters. The results show that intake port height stroke ratio is the main factor for the delivery ratio, while exhaust port height stroke ratio is the main factor to engine delivery ratio and scavenging efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: opposed-piston two-stroke; scavenging system; optimization; simulation modeling opposed-piston two-stroke; scavenging system; optimization; simulation modeling
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Ma, F.; Zhang, L.; Su, T. Simulation Modeling and Optimization of Uniflow Scavenging System Parameters on Opposed-Piston Two-Stroke Engines. Energies 2018, 11, 940.

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