Next Article in Journal
Review of Heating Methods for Rural Houses in China
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Harvest Season on the Fuel Properties of Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby Biomass as Solid Biofuel
Previous Article in Special Issue
Preparation and Thermoelectric Properties of Graphite/poly(3,4-ethyenedioxythiophene) Nanocomposites
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2018, 11(12), 3401;

Low-Carbon Energy Planning: A Hybrid MCDM Method Combining DANP and VIKOR Approach

Transportation and Vehicle Engineering College, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China
College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun, China
Transportation College, Jilin University, Changchun, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 November 2018 / Revised: 29 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 4 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Thermal Energy Utilization Technologies in Buildings)
Full-Text   |   PDF [854 KB, uploaded 4 December 2018]   |  


With the development of urbanization, people’s living standards have improved. Simultaneously, the growing aggravation of resource shortages and environmental pollution have also gradually attracted widespread attention. Low-carbon energy planning can effectively reduce dependence on fossil resources and carbon emissions to the atmosphere, as well as improve the utilization of resources. Therefore, the formulation and evaluation of low-carbon energy planning have become the focus of attention for related colleges and institutions. This paper puts forward a hybrid multi-criteria decision making(MCDM) method combining decision making trial and evaluation laboratory(DEMATEL), analytical network process(ANP), and VIKOR to obtain the weight of each criterion and evaluate each alternative about low-carbon energy planning for building. A hierarchy structure of criteria involving cost, safety, reliability, and environment protection is built. Afterwards, a case of four alternatives is applied for testifying this methodology. Lastly, a comparison with prior methodologies serves as proof of the raised ranking. The presentation has proved that this methodology offers a more precise and effective foundation for decisions about low-carbon energy planning evaluation. View Full-Text
Keywords: low-carbon; sustainability; MCDM approach; energy planning; building low-carbon; sustainability; MCDM approach; energy planning; building

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, R.; Sun, H.; Zhang, L.; Zhuang, Q.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, X.; Chen, Y. Low-Carbon Energy Planning: A Hybrid MCDM Method Combining DANP and VIKOR Approach. Energies 2018, 11, 3401.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top