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Energies 2018, 11(12), 3394; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123394

Method for the Energy Storage Configuration of Wind Power Plants with Energy Storage Systems used for Black-Start

1
Electrical Engineering College, Northeast Electric Power University, Jilin 13012, China
2
Key Laboratory of Modern Power System Simulation and Control & Renewable Energy Technology, Ministry of Education (Northeast Electric Power University), Jilin 132012, China
3
NARI Technology Development Limited Company, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210061, China
4
Hohhot Power Supply Bureau, State Grid Inner Mongolia Electric Power Company Limited, Hohhot 010020, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2018 / Revised: 17 November 2018 / Accepted: 29 November 2018 / Published: 4 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Storage and Application)
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Abstract

With the increasing participation of wind generation in the power system, a wind power plant (WPP) with an energy storage system (ESS) has become one of the options available for a black-start power source. In this article, a method for the energy storage configuration used for black-start is proposed. First, the energy storage capacity for starting a single turbine was determined. Then, a hierarchical planning model was established. This model did not consider the starting efficiency of the WPP, but it did consider the layout of the energy storage in the WPP and the balance of the terminal voltage when starting the WPP. Finally, the feasibility and value of the proposed method and model were verified in a 49.5 MW WPP with an ESS (a power rating of 2.24 MW and energy capacity of about 1.68 MWh). The result suggests that configuring an ESS with a small capacity on the side of the turbine can achieve black-start for a WPP with an ESS as the power source. View Full-Text
Keywords: black-start; the wind power plants with energy storage system; energy storage configuration; hierarchical planning model black-start; the wind power plants with energy storage system; energy storage configuration; hierarchical planning model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, C.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, J.; Qi, J.; Li, J.; Guo, Q.; You, H. Method for the Energy Storage Configuration of Wind Power Plants with Energy Storage Systems used for Black-Start. Energies 2018, 11, 3394.

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