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Energies 2018, 11(12), 3363;

Experimental and Numerical Investigation of a MILD Combustion Chamber for Micro Gas Turbine Applications

Aero-Thermo-Mecanics Laboratory, École Polytechnique de Bruxelles, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
Combustion and Robust Optimization Group (BURN), Université Libre de Bruxelles and Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
MITIS SA, 4000 Liège, Belgium
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 1 December 2018
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In the field of energy production, cogeneration systems based on micro gas turbine cycles appear particularly suitable to reach the goals of improving efficiency and reducing pollutants. Moderate and Intense Low-Oxygen Dilution (MILD) combustion represents a promising technology to increase efficiency and to further reduce the emissions of those systems. The present work aims at describing the behavior of a combustion chamber for a micro gas turbine operating in MILD regime. The performances of the combustion chamber are discussed for two cases: methane and biogas combustion. The combustor performed very well in terms of emissions, especially CO and NO x , for various air inlet temperatures and air-to-fuel ratios, proving the benefits of MILD combustion. The chamber proved to be fuel flexible, since both ignition and stable combustion could be achieved by also burning biogas. Finally, the numerical model used to design the combustor was validated against the experimental data collected. The model performs quite well both for methane and biogas. In particular, for methane the Partially Stirred Reactor (PaSR) combustion model proved to be the best choice to predict both minor species, such as CO, more accurately and cases with lower reactivity that were not possible to model using the Eddy Dissipation Concept (EDC). For the biogas, the most appropriate kinetic mechanism to properly model the behavior of the chamber was selected. View Full-Text
Keywords: MILD combustion; fuel flexibility; NOx emissions; combustion model MILD combustion; fuel flexibility; NOx emissions; combustion model

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Fortunato, V.; Giraldo, A.; Rouabah, M.; Nacereddine, R.; Delanaye, M.; Parente, A. Experimental and Numerical Investigation of a MILD Combustion Chamber for Micro Gas Turbine Applications. Energies 2018, 11, 3363.

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