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Energies 2018, 11(12), 3353; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123353

China’s Electric Vehicle Deployment: Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emission Impacts

1,2
,
1,2
,
1,2
and
1,2,3,*
1
State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
Tsinghua Automotive Strategy Research Institute, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3
China Automotive Energy Research Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 28 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 30 November 2018
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Abstract

The explosion of the vehicle market in China has caused a series of problems, like energy security, climate change, air pollution, etc. The deployment of electric vehicles (EVs) is considered an effective solution to address these problems. Thus, both the state and local governments in China have launched some policies and incentives to accelerate the development of EVs and the EV industry. Do EVs can effectively solve these problems in short term, viewed from the fleet point? Based on China’s most up-to-date deployment plan for EVs, this paper analyzes the energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by China’s road transport sector in three different scenarios. The results indicate that, based on current planning, the energy consumption and GHG emissions of the whole fleet will peak in 2025 and 2027, at the level of around 403 mtoe (million tons of oil equivalent) and 1763 mt CO2 eq. (million tons of CO2 equivalent), respectively. The introduction of EVs will significantly reduce the reliance on fossil fuel in the long term, with increasing ownership, while, in the short term, the fuel economy regulation will still play a more important role. Policy makers should continually pay attention to this. Meanwhile, commercial vehicles, especially heavy-duty trucks will account for a bigger and bigger proportion in the energy consumption and GHG emissions of the whole fleet. Thus, to some extent the focus should shift from passenger vehicles to commercial vehicles. More measures could be implemented. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle; energy consumption; greenhouse gas emissions electric vehicle; energy consumption; greenhouse gas emissions
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Liu, F.; Zhao, F.; Liu, Z.; Hao, H. China’s Electric Vehicle Deployment: Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emission Impacts. Energies 2018, 11, 3353.

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