Next Article in Journal
Exergy As a Measure of Sustainable Retrofitting of Buildings
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of the Downstream Contraction Ratio of Organ-Pipe Nozzle on the Pressure Oscillations of Self-Resonating Waterjets
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2018, 11(11), 3138;

Design of an Emergency Energy System for a City Assisted by Renewable Energy, Case Study: Latakia, Syria

Department of Sustainable Technologies, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 961/129, 16500 Prague, Czech Republic
Department of Electrical Power Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technická 2, 16627 Prague, Czech Republic
Chercheur Associé au Laboratoire ICAR, UMR 5191, CNRS, Université Lumière Lyon 2, ENS de Lyon, 15, Parvis René Descartes BP 7000, CEDEX 07, 69342 Lyon, France
Chercheur Associé au Centre Max Weber UMR 5283, Projet JADN, Institut des Systèmes Complexes, Université Lumière Lyon 2, 5 Avenue Pierre-Mendès-France, 69676 Bron, France
Department of Health Care Disciplines and Population Protection, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Sportovců 2311, 27201 Kladno, Czech Republic
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 October 2018 / Revised: 8 November 2018 / Accepted: 10 November 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Energy)
Full-Text   |   PDF [7307 KB, uploaded 15 November 2018]   |  


Electrical energy is one of the most important daily needs. Shortage of energy can be very dangerous for any society. This can affect the standard of living and quality of life of the people and even endanger the lives of those in hospitals, and so forth. Developed countries do not face such risks in general because they have well organized electrical systems and high energy security. The developing countries are faced daily with electric system collapses, especially in the case of wars, where many parts of the electrical grid in the country can be damaged and fuel transmission lines for generators cut off. Urban areas in developing countries should have a strategic plan to deal with any unexpected occurrence of energy shortages using any available renewable energy sources. City of Latakia is located in the region which has been suffering from the consequences of war for more than six years. The fact that a high number of migrants from other cities have come to Latakia along with a lack of fuel makes the energy shortage in the city worse. An emergency system could use the cheapest available renewable energy sources in addition to few big portable generators to provide an acceptable energy supply for the most needed requirements of daily life. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy shortage; emergency system; renewable energy; crisis; lack of fuel; urban areas energy shortage; emergency system; renewable energy; crisis; lack of fuel; urban areas

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fandi, G.; Krepl, V.; Ahmad, I.; Igbinovia, F.O.; Ivanova, T.; Fandie, S.; Muller, Z.; Tlusty, J. Design of an Emergency Energy System for a City Assisted by Renewable Energy, Case Study: Latakia, Syria. Energies 2018, 11, 3138.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top