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Energies 2018, 11(10), 2740; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11102740

Medium-Voltage AC Static Switch Solution to Feed Neutral Section in a High-Speed Railway System

Mondragon Goi Eskola Politeknikoa, Mondragon University, 20500 Mondragon, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 12 September 2018 / Revised: 4 October 2018 / Accepted: 9 October 2018 / Published: 12 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Control in Energy Systems)
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Abstract

A high-speed train (HST) is a single-phase load supplied by a three-phase AC grid. The HST produces unbalanced three-line currents affecting the power quality of the grid. To balance the asymmetries on average, railway feeding sections are supplied that rotate the three phases of the grid. An electric isolation segment, called the neutral section (NS), between different sections is necessary. The HST must pass through this 1.6 km NS without power supply. In this paper, a medium-voltage AC static switch solution to feed the high-speed train in the NS is proposed. Thyristor technology is selected to design the 25 KVAC static switch. A medium-voltage power electronics procedure design is proposed to ensure proper operation in the final application. An NS operation is analyzed to identify impacts within the electric system and solution requirements are developed. Then, a low-scale prototype is used to experimentally validate the solution based on thyristor technology and the medium-voltage AC static switch is designed. Limitations on power and voltage at the Mondragon University Medium-Voltage Laboratory do not allow testing of the AC static switch at nominal conditions. A partial test procedure to test sections of the AC static switch is proposed and applied to validate the solution. Finally, experimental results for the Cordoba–Malaga (Spain) high-speed railway in real conditions with an HST crossing the NS at 300 km/h are shown. View Full-Text
Keywords: railway; high-speed railway; neutral section; medium voltage; thyristor; AC static switch railway; high-speed railway; neutral section; medium voltage; thyristor; AC static switch
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Canales, J.M.; Aizpuru, I.; Iraola, U.; Barrena, J.A.; Barrenetxea, M. Medium-Voltage AC Static Switch Solution to Feed Neutral Section in a High-Speed Railway System. Energies 2018, 11, 2740.

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