Next Article in Journal
An Anti-Islanding Protection Technique Using a Wavelet Packet Transform and a Probabilistic Neural Network
Previous Article in Journal
Bidirectional Interleaved PWM Converter with High Voltage-Conversion Ratio and Automatic Current Balancing Capability for Single-Cell Battery Power System in Small Scientific Satellites
Previous Article in Special Issue
Total Cost of Ownership Based Economic Analysis of Diesel, CNG and Electric Bus Concepts for the Public Transport in Istanbul City
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2018, 11(10), 2703; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11102703

The Good, the Bad and the Uncertain: Bioenergy Use in the European Union

1
Joint Research Centre, European Commission, 41092 Seville, Spain
2
Aragonese Agency for Research and Development (ARAID), Centre for Agro-Food Research and Technology (CITA), Government of Aragón, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Wageningen Economic Research, Wageningen University and Research, Alexanderveld 5, 2585 The Hague, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 July 2018 / Revised: 24 September 2018 / Accepted: 7 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Markets and Economics)
Full-Text   |   PDF [813 KB, uploaded 11 October 2018]   |  

Abstract

As the EU is moving towards a low carbon economy and seeks to further develop its renewable energy policy, this paper quantitatively investigates the impact of plausible energy market reforms from the perspective of bio-renewables. Employing a state-of-the-art biobased variant of a computable general equilibrium model, this study assesses the perceived medium-term benefits, risks and trade-offs which arise from an advanced biofuels plan, two exploratory scenarios of a more ‘sustainable’ conventional biofuels plan and a ‘no-mandate’ scenario. Consistent with more recent studies, none of the scenarios considered present significant challenges to EU food-security or agricultural land usage. An illustrative advanced biofuels plan simulation requires non-trivial public support to implement whilst a degree of competition for biomass with (high-value) advanced biomass material industries is observed. On the other hand, it significantly alleviates land use pressures, whilst lignocellulose biomass prices are not expected to increase to unsustainable levels. Clearly, these observations are subject to assumptions on technological change, sustainable biomass limits, expected trends in fossil fuel prices and EU access to third-country trade. With these same caveats in mind, the switch to increased bioethanol production does not result in significant market tensions in biomass markets. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; bio-energy; bio-chemicals; advanced technologies; agricultural production; trade; land use; economic modelling; MAGNET model biomass; bio-energy; bio-chemicals; advanced technologies; agricultural production; trade; land use; economic modelling; MAGNET model
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Philippidis, G.; Bartelings, H.; Helming, J.; M’barek, R.; Smeets, E.; van Meijl, H. The Good, the Bad and the Uncertain: Bioenergy Use in the European Union. Energies 2018, 11, 2703.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top