Next Article in Journal
A Joint Planning Method for Substations and Lines in Distribution Systems Based on the Parallel Bird Swarm Algorithm
Previous Article in Journal
Experimental Investigation of Oil Recovery from Tight Sandstone Oil Reservoirs by Pressure Depletion
Open AccessArticle

Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Comparative Empirical Study of Selected Developed and Developing Countries. “The Role of Exergy”

1
Station Expérimentale des Procédés Pilotes en Environnement, École de Technologie Supérieure, Université du Québec, 1100, rue Notre-Dame Ouest Local A-1500, Montréal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada
2
Unidad de Investigación Especializada en Hidroinformática y Tecnología Ambiental, Facultad de Ingeniería Civil, Universidad Veracruzana, Lomas del Estadio s/n, Zona Universitaria, Xalapa 91090, Veracruz, Mexico
3
Instituto de Biotecnología y Ecología Aplicada, Universidad Veracruzana, Av. de las Culturas Núm.101, Col. Emiliano Zapata, Xalapa 91000, Veracruz, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Energies 2018, 11(10), 2668; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11102668
Received: 5 September 2018 / Revised: 22 September 2018 / Accepted: 1 October 2018 / Published: 7 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Energy)
Diverse factors may have an impact in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions; thus, three main contributors, energy consumption, gross domestic product (GDP) and an exergy indicator are examined in this work. This study explores the relationship between economic growth and energy consumption by means of the hypothesis postulated for the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC). Panel data for ten countries, from 1971 to 2014 have been studied. Despite a wide gamma of research on the EKC, the role of an exergy variable has not been tested to find the EKC; for this reason, exergy analysis is proposed. Exergy analyses were performed to propose an exergetic indicator as a control variable and a comparative empirical study is developed to study a multivariable framework with the aim to detect correlations between them. High correlation between CO2, GDP, energy consumption, energy intensity and trade openness are observed, on the other hand not statistically significant values for trade openness and energy intensity. The results do not support the EKC hypothesis, however exergy intensity opens the door for future research once it proves to be a useful control variable. Exergy provides opportunities to analyze and implement energy and environmental policies in these countries, with the possibility to link exergy efficiencies and the use of renewables. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; energy policy; exergy analysis; exergetic intensity; greenhouse gases climate change; energy policy; exergy analysis; exergetic intensity; greenhouse gases
MDPI and ACS Style

Arango-Miranda, R.; Hausler, R.; Romero-Lopez, R.; Glaus, M.; Ibarra-Zavaleta, S.P. Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Comparative Empirical Study of Selected Developed and Developing Countries. “The Role of Exergy”. Energies 2018, 11, 2668.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop