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Energies 2018, 11(1), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010040

Research on Strategies and Methods Suppressing Permanent Magnet Demagnetization in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors Based on a Multi-Physical Field and Rotor Multi-Topology Structure

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 25 December 2017
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Abstract

In this paper, a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) with sleeves on the rotor outer surface is investigated. The purpose of sleeves is to fix the permanent magnets and protect them from being destroyed by the large centrifugal force. However, the sleeve material characteristics have a great influence on the PMSM, and therewith, most of the rotor eddy-current losses are generated in the rotor sleeve, which could increase the device temperature and even cause thermal demagnetization of the magnets. Thus, a sleeve scheme design with low eddy-current losses is necessary, and a method suppressing the local temperature peak of permanent magnets is presented. The 3-D electromagnetic finite element model of a 12.5 kW, 2000 r/min PMSM with a segmented sleeve is established, and the electromagnetic field is calculated by using the finite element method. The results show the effectiveness of the presented method in reducing the eddy current losses in the rotor. Using the thermal method, it can be found that the maximum temperature position and zone of permanent magnet will change. Thus, some strategies are comparatively analyzed in order to obtain the change rule of the position and zone. The obtained conclusions may provide a useful reference for the design and research of PMSMs. View Full-Text
Keywords: permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM); eddy-current losses; local temperature peak; segmented sleeve; electromagnetic field; the maximum temperature position and zone permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM); eddy-current losses; local temperature peak; segmented sleeve; electromagnetic field; the maximum temperature position and zone
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Li, L.; Li, W.; Li, D.; Li, J.; Fan, Y. Research on Strategies and Methods Suppressing Permanent Magnet Demagnetization in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors Based on a Multi-Physical Field and Rotor Multi-Topology Structure. Energies 2018, 11, 40.

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