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Energies 2018, 11(1), 255; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010255

Maximum Permissible Integration Capacity of Renewable DG Units Based on System Loads

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul 34220, Turkey
2
Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores, Investigação e Desenvolvimento (INESC-ID), Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
3
Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores, Tecnologia e Ciência (INESC-TEC) and the Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
4
Centre for Mechanical and Aerospace Science and Technologies (C-MAST), University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilha, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 November 2017 / Revised: 12 January 2018 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 21 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Distributed Renewable Generation 2018)
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Abstract

Increasing demand for electricity, as well as rising environmental and economic concerns have resulted in renewable energy sources being a center of attraction. Integration of these renewable energy resources into power systems is usually achieved through distributed generation (DG) techniques, and the number of such applications increases daily. As conventional power systems do not have an infrastructure that is compatible with these energy sources and generation systems, such integration applications may cause various problems in power systems. Therefore, planning is an essential part of DG integration, especially for power systems with intermittent renewable energy sources with the objective of minimizing problems and maximizing benefits. In this study, a mathematical model is proposed to calculate the maximum permissible DG integration capacity without causing overvoltage problems in the power systems. In the proposed mathematical model, both the minimum loading condition and maximum generation condition are taken into consideration. In order to prove the effectiveness and the consistency of the proposed mathematical model, it is applied to a test system with different case studies, and the results are compared with the results obtained from other models in the literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; distributed generation; maximum permissible capacity renewable energy; distributed generation; maximum permissible capacity
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Doğanşahin, K.; Kekezoğlu, B.; Yumurtacı, R.; Erdinç, O.; Catalão, J.P.S. Maximum Permissible Integration Capacity of Renewable DG Units Based on System Loads. Energies 2018, 11, 255.

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