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Energies 2018, 11(1), 101; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010101

A Practical Approach to Localize Simultaneous Triple Open-Switches for a PWM Inverter-Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine Drive System

Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, 232 Gongneung-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01811, Korea
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Received: 12 December 2017 / Revised: 28 December 2017 / Accepted: 31 December 2017 / Published: 2 January 2018
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Abstract

In order to overcome the limitations of conventional diagnosis methods, this paper proposes a reliable and practical on-line fault localization scheme for a pulse width modulation (PWM) inverter-fed permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM) drive system even when the inverter has simultaneous open faults in up to three switches. An open-switch fault is usually initiated by an accidental over-current, or electrical and thermal stresses. This fault may induce crucial secondary damage in the drive system since it is easily propagated and produces a continuous harmful effect on other system components. The open-switch faults in inverters often occur in a very complicated manner. Due to this reason, it was only recently that real-time diagnosis schemes under the open-switch faults in multiple switches have been presented in a few references. However, to alleviate the complexity and exactness issues, most of the conventional diagnosis schemes have considered the open faults only in two simultaneous switches until now, which is not generally the case. Even though the fault detection is simple and immediate, the exact fault localization is not a simple task, especially when there are open faults in three simultaneous switches because different open-switch fault locations may develop the same fault signature. To deal with such a problem, free-wheeling mode detection is introduced in this paper for the purpose of identifying the exact fault group and the faulty switch location. Then main objective of this paper is to realize a reliable fault localization algorithm under the condition of simultaneous open-switches (up to three) on an online basis without requiring any extra hardware or sensors in order that the algorithm can be easily installed in main CPU of a commercial drive system. For this purpose, the open faults in simultaneous switches are categorized into seven different fault groups. The entire system is implemented on a digital controller by using TMS320F28335 digital signal processor (DSP). The experimental results are presented under various open fault conditions to validate the usefulness of the proposed open-switch fault localization scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: free-wheeling mode detection; PWM inverter; reliable on-line fault localization; seven fault groups; three simultaneous open-switches free-wheeling mode detection; PWM inverter; reliable on-line fault localization; seven fault groups; three simultaneous open-switches
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Song, J.-H.; Kim, K.-H. A Practical Approach to Localize Simultaneous Triple Open-Switches for a PWM Inverter-Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine Drive System. Energies 2018, 11, 101.

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