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Experimental Validation of the Simulation Model of a DOAS Equipped with a Desiccant Wheel and a Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica y Energía, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Avda. de la, Universidad, s/n, 03202 Elche, Spain
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Energies 2017, 10(9), 1330; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10091330
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 9 August 2017 / Accepted: 30 August 2017 / Published: 4 September 2017
A dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) can be designed to supply 100% of the outside air and meet the latent load of the room with dry air. The objectives of this study were to develop a model of a DOAS equipped with a desiccant wheel and a vapor-compression refrigeration system, build a prototype, validate the model with experimental data, and gain knowledge about the system operation. The test facility was designed with the desiccant wheel downstream of the cooling coil to take advantage of the operating principles of cooling coils and desiccants. A model of the DOAS was developed in the TRNSYS environment. The root mean standard error (RMSE) was used for model validation by comparing the measured air and refrigerant properties with the corresponding calculated values. The results obtained with the developed model showed that the DOAS was able to maintain an indoor humidity ratio depending on outdoor conditions. Laboratory tests were also used to investigate the effect of changes in the regeneration air temperature and the process airflow rate on the process air humidity ratio at the outlet of the wheel. The results are consistent with the technical literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: DOAS; desiccant wheel; TRNSYS DOAS; desiccant wheel; TRNSYS
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Martínez, P.J.; Llorca, C.; Pla, J.A.; Martínez, P. Experimental Validation of the Simulation Model of a DOAS Equipped with a Desiccant Wheel and a Vapor Compression Refrigeration System. Energies 2017, 10, 1330.

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