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Energies 2017, 10(7), 947; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10070947

Vehicle Stability Enhancement through Hierarchical Control for a Four-Wheel-Independently-Actuated Electric Vehicle

1
Collaborative Innovation Center for Electric Vehicles in Beijing & National Engineering Laboratory for Electric Vehicles, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China; wangzhenpo@bit.edu.cn (Z.W.); wangyachaoa@126.com (Y.W.)
2
School of Mechatronics Engineering, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China; liumingchun@ncu.edu.cn
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 June 2017 / Revised: 30 June 2017 / Accepted: 5 July 2017 / Published: 8 July 2017
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Abstract

In this paper, an optimal control strategy for a four-wheel-independently-actuated electric vehicle (FWIA EV) is proposed to improve vehicle dynamics stability and handling performance. The proposed scheme has a hierarchical structure composed of an upper and a lower controller. The desired longitudinal and lateral forces and yaw moment are determined based on the sliding-mode control (SMC) scheme in the upper controller, which takes the longitudinal and lateral velocity and the yaw rate as control variables. In the lower controller, an optimization algorithm is adopted to allocate the driving/braking torques to each in-wheel motor. A cost function with adjustable weight coefficients is specially designed by taking the motor power capability and the tire workload into consideration. The simulation and hardware-in-loop experimental results show that the proposed control strategy exhibits superior performance in comparison to commonly-used rule-based control strategies, and has the capability of online implementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: four-wheel-independently-actuated electric vehicle; vehicle dynamics stability; sliding mode control; tire workload; torque vectoring four-wheel-independently-actuated electric vehicle; vehicle dynamics stability; sliding mode control; tire workload; torque vectoring
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Wang, Z.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, L.; Liu, M. Vehicle Stability Enhancement through Hierarchical Control for a Four-Wheel-Independently-Actuated Electric Vehicle. Energies 2017, 10, 947.

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