Next Article in Journal
Oil Impregnated Pressboard Barrier Systems Based on Ester Fluids for an Application in HVDC Insulation Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Emission Characteristics for a Homogeneous Charged Compression Ignition Diesel Engine with Exhaust Gas Recirculation Using Split Injection Methodology
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(12), 2141;

Optimal Design of a Novel Hybrid Electric Powertrain for Tracked Vehicles

Department of Automobile Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 9 December 2017 / Accepted: 9 December 2017 / Published: 15 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
PDF [5687 KB, uploaded 15 December 2017]


Tracked vehicles have been widely used in construction, agriculture, and the military. Major problems facing the industry, however, are high emissions and fuel consumption. Hybrid electric tracked vehicles have thus become increasingly popular because of their improved fuel economy and reduced emissions. While the series hybrid system has drawn the most attention and has been applied in most cases, the low efficiency caused by energy conversion losses and large propulsion motors has limited its development. A novel multi-mode powertrain with two output shafts controlling each side of the track independently is first proposed. The powertrain is a three-planetary-gear power-split system with one engine, three motors, and an ultracapacitor pack. Compared with the existing technologies, the proposed powertrain can realize skid steering without an extra steering mechanism, and significantly improve the overall efficiency. To demonstrate the advantages of the novel powertrain, a topology-control-size integrated optimization problem is solved based on drivability, fuel economy, and cost. Final simulation results show that the optimized design with downsized components can produce about a 30% improvement in drivability and a 15% improvement in fuel economy compared with the commonly used series hybrid benchmark. Moreover, the optimized design is verified to be much more economical taking cumulative cost into account, which is very attractive for potential industrial applications in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-mode; hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs); energy management; system optimization; optimal design multi-mode; hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs); energy management; system optimization; optimal design

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Qin, Z.; Luo, Y.; Li, K.; Peng, H. Optimal Design of a Novel Hybrid Electric Powertrain for Tracked Vehicles. Energies 2017, 10, 2141.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top