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Energies 2017, 10(12), 2041;

Energy Production Analysis and Optimization of Mini-Grid in Remote Areas: The Case Study of Habaswein, Kenya

DIMA, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Rome La Sapienza, 00162 Roma, Italy
MOEP, Ministry of Energy and Petroleum of Kenya, Nairobi 30582, Kenya
JKUAT, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Juja 00622, Kenya
KPLC, Kenya Power and Lighting Company, Nairobi 30099, Kenya
Departament of Physics & IAC3, Universitat de les Illes Balears and Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya, Palma de Mallorca, E-07122 Baleares, Spain
DESTEC, Department Of Energy, Systems, Territory And Costruction Engineering, University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 October 2017 / Revised: 25 November 2017 / Accepted: 29 November 2017 / Published: 3 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable and Renewable Energy Systems)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4050 KB, uploaded 4 December 2017]   |  


Rural electrification in remote areas of developing countries has several challenges which hinder energy access to the population. For instance, the extension of the national grid to provide electricity in these areas is largely not viable. The Kenyan Government has put a target to achieve universal energy access by the year 2020. To realize this objective, the focus of the program is being shifted to establishing off-grid power stations in rural areas. Among rural areas to be electrified is Habaswein, which is a settlement in Kenya’s northeastern region without connection to the national power grid, and where Kenya Power installed a stand-alone hybrid mini-grid. Based on field observations, power generation data analysis, evaluation of the potential energy resources and simulations, this research intends to evaluate the performance of the Habaswein mini-grid and optimize the existing hybrid generation system to enhance its reliability and reduce the operation costs. The result will be a suggestion of how Kenyan rural areas could be sustainably electrified by using renewable energy based off-grid power stations. It will contribute to bridge the current research gap in this area, and it will be a vital tool to researchers, implementers and the policy makers in energy sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid mini-grid; rural electrification; renewable energy; rural development; energy access hybrid mini-grid; rural electrification; renewable energy; rural development; energy access

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Micangeli, A.; Del Citto, R.; Kiva, I.N.; Santori, S.G.; Gambino, V.; Kiplagat, J.; Viganò, D.; Fioriti, D.; Poli, D. Energy Production Analysis and Optimization of Mini-Grid in Remote Areas: The Case Study of Habaswein, Kenya. Energies 2017, 10, 2041.

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