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Energies 2017, 10(12), 1937;

Lithium-Sulfur Battery Technology Readiness and Applications—A Review

Advanced Vehicle Engineering Centre, Cranfield University, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, UK
OXIS Energy, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 September 2017 / Revised: 12 November 2017 / Accepted: 16 November 2017 / Published: 23 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Storage and Application)
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Lithium Sulfur (Li-S) battery is generally considered as a promising technology where high energy density is required at different applications. Over the past decade, there has been an ever increasing volume of Li-S academic research spanning materials development, fundamental understanding and modelling, and application-based control algorithm development. In this study, the Li-S battery technology, its advantages and limitations from the fundamental perspective are firstly discussed. In the second part of this study, state-of-the-art Li-S cell modelling and state estimation techniques are reviewed with a focus on practical applications. The existing studies on Li-S cell equivalent-circuit-network modelling and state estimation techniques are then discussed. A number of challenges in control of Li-S battery are also explained such as the flat open-circuit-voltage curve and high sensitivity of Li-S cell’s behavior to temperature variation. In the last part of this study, current and future applications of Li-S battery are mentioned. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-sulfur battery; application; technology readiness; review lithium-sulfur battery; application; technology readiness; review

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Fotouhi, A.; Auger, D.J.; O’Neill, L.; Cleaver, T.; Walus, S. Lithium-Sulfur Battery Technology Readiness and Applications—A Review. Energies 2017, 10, 1937.

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