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Energies 2017, 10(10), 1471;

Integrating Embedded Discrete Fracture and Dual-Porosity, Dual-Permeability Methods to Simulate Fluid Flow in Shale Oil Reservoirs

1,* , 2,* and 1,*
Beijing Innovation Center for Engineering Science and Advanced Technology (BIC-ESAT), Peking University, Beijing 100193, China
Petroleum Department, Xi’an Shiyou University, Xi’an 710065, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 August 2017 / Revised: 8 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 September 2017 / Published: 23 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Fundamentals and Conversion)
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The oil recovery factor from shale oil remains low, about 5 to 7% of the oil in place. How to increase oil recovery from shale oil reservoirs is attracting more and more attention. CO2 huff-and-puff was historically considered one of the best approaches to improve the oil rate. Most previous simulation studies have been based on dual porosity, but simulation results from dual-porosity models have not been as accurate as discrete fracture models in composition modeling. This study proposes a new model that integrates the embedded discrete fracture model and the dual-porosity, dual-permeability model (DPDP). The newly developed method could explicitly describe large-scale fractures as flow conduits by embedded discrete fracture modeling and could model the flow in small- and medium-length fractures by DPDP modeling. In this paper, we first introduce four different non-neighboring connections and the way to calculate the transmissibility among different media in the new model. Then, the paper compares the performance of the new method, discrete fracture modeling, DPDP modeling, and embedded discrete fracture modeling for production from oil reservoirs. Following, the paper carries out a series of simulations to analyze the effects of hydraulic fracture stages, hydraulic fracture permeabilities, and natural fracture permeabilities on the CO2 huff-and-puff process based on the new method. In addition, the injection cycle and soaking time are investigated to optimize CO2 huff-and-puff performance. This study is the first to integrate embedded discrete fracture modeling with DPDP modeling to simulate the CO2 huff-and-puff process in a shale oil reservoir with natural fractures. This paper also provides detailed discussions and comparisons on the integrated strategy, embedded discrete fracture modeling, discrete fracture modeling, and dual-porosity, dual-permeability modeling in the context of fracture simulation with a compositional model. Most importantly, this study answers the question regarding how fractures affect CO2 huff-and-puff and how to optimize the CO2 huff-and-puff process in a reservoir with natural fractures. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 huff-and-puff; embedded discrete fracture model (EDFM); dual porosity model; shale gas CO2 huff-and-puff; embedded discrete fracture model (EDFM); dual porosity model; shale gas

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Li, W.; Dong, Z.; Lei, G. Integrating Embedded Discrete Fracture and Dual-Porosity, Dual-Permeability Methods to Simulate Fluid Flow in Shale Oil Reservoirs. Energies 2017, 10, 1471.

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