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Open AccessArticle

Structural Identifiability of Equivalent Circuit Models for Li-Ion Batteries

Energy and Electrical Systems, WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: K.T. Chau
Energies 2017, 10(1), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10010090
Received: 15 November 2016 / Revised: 31 December 2016 / Accepted: 3 January 2017 / Published: 13 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Collection)
Structural identifiability is a critical aspect of modelling that has been overlooked in the vast majority of Li-ion battery modelling studies. It considers whether it is possible to obtain a unique solution for the unknown model parameters from experimental data. This is a fundamental prerequisite of the modelling process, especially when the parameters represent physical battery attributes and the proposed model is utilised to estimate them. Numerical estimates for unidentifiable parameters are effectively meaningless since unidentifiable parameters have an infinite number of possible numerical solutions. It is demonstrated that the physical phenomena assignment to a two-RC (resistor–capacitor) network equivalent circuit model (ECM) is not possible without additional information. Established methods to ascertain structural identifiability are applied to 12 ECMs covering the majority of model templates used previously. Seven ECMs are shown not to be uniquely identifiable, reducing the confidence in the accuracy of the parameter values obtained and highlighting the relevance of structural identifiability even for relatively simple models. Suggestions are proposed to make the models identifiable and, therefore, more valuable in battery management system applications. The detailed analyses illustrate the importance of structural identifiability prior to performing parameter estimation experiments, and the algebraic complications encountered even for simple models. View Full-Text
Keywords: structural identifiability; lithium ion battery modelling; equivalent circuit models structural identifiability; lithium ion battery modelling; equivalent circuit models
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grandjean, T.R.B.; McGordon, A.; Jennings, P.A. Structural Identifiability of Equivalent Circuit Models for Li-Ion Batteries. Energies 2017, 10, 90. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10010090

AMA Style

Grandjean TRB, McGordon A, Jennings PA. Structural Identifiability of Equivalent Circuit Models for Li-Ion Batteries. Energies. 2017; 10(1):90. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10010090

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grandjean, Thomas R.B.; McGordon, Andrew; Jennings, Paul A. 2017. "Structural Identifiability of Equivalent Circuit Models for Li-Ion Batteries" Energies 10, no. 1: 90. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10010090

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