Next Article in Journal
Climate Change and Children’s Health—A Call for Research on What Works to Protect Children
Next Article in Special Issue
Fruits and Vegetables Consumption and Associated Factors among In-School Adolescents in Five Southeast Asian Countries
Previous Article in Journal
Response to: Arora, V.; Gupta, N.K.; Nath, D.K.; Tandan, A.; Chandra, P. Comments on “The Dental Aesthetic Index and Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need as Tools in Epidemiological Studies”. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 3277–3286
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Impact of the Built Environment on Young People’s Physical Activity Patterns: A Suburban-Rural Comparison Using GPS
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(9), 3286-3297;

Helmet Use and Associated Factors among Thai Motorcyclists during Songkran Festival

Department of Community Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
HIV/AIDS/SIT/and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
Department of Health System Management and Policy, University of Limpopo, Medunsa Campus, Pretoria 0204, South Africa
Health Promotion Region 10, Ministry of Public Health, Chiang Mai 5000, Thailand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2012 / Revised: 20 August 2012 / Accepted: 4 September 2012 / Published: 10 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [72 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]


The aim of this study was to assess helmet use and associated factors among motorcycle riders during Songkran festival in Thailand. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of helmet use among Thai motorcycle riders (sample size = 18,998) during four days of the Songkran festival. For this sample, the population of motorcycle riders was consecutively selected using quota sampling from 12 petrol stations in four provinces from each of the four main geographical regions of Thailand. The study was conducted at petrol stations at roads in town, outside town and highway at different time intervals when trained field staff administered a structured questionnaire and performed an observation checklist. Results indicate that 44.2% of the motorcycle riders and 72.5% of the motorcycle passengers had not been using a helmet. In multivariable analysis demographics, environmental factors, helmet use experiences and attitudes and recalling a lower exposure to road safety awareness (RSA) campaign were associated with non-helmet use among motorcyclists. It appears that the RSA campaign may have some positive effect on reducing non-helmet use among motorcycle riders during the Songkran festival. View Full-Text
Keywords: helmet use; motorcyclists; road safety awareness campaign; Thailand helmet use; motorcyclists; road safety awareness campaign; Thailand
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Siviroj, P.; Peltzer, K.; Pengpid, S.; Morarit, S. Helmet Use and Associated Factors among Thai Motorcyclists during Songkran Festival. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3286-3297.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top