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Article

It Takes Time: Vigilance and Sustained Attention Assessment in Adults with ADHD

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Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
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Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Rostock, 18147 Rostock, Germany
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Department of Psychology, Protestant University of Applied Sciences Bochum, 44809 Bochum, Germany
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Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, 45147 Essen, Germany
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Department of Psychology, University of Wuppertal, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany
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Department of Psychology, National University of Ireland, W23 F2H6 Maynooth, County Kildare, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5216; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095216
Received: 30 March 2022 / Revised: 20 April 2022 / Accepted: 23 April 2022 / Published: 25 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of ADHD and Its Related Symptoms)
Objectives: The present study compares the utility of eight different tests of vigilance and sustained attention in the neuropsychological examination of adults with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: Thirty-one adults diagnosed with ADHD performed eight tests for vigilance and sustained attention, spread over three assessment days. Results: Adults with ADHD showed cognitive impairments in most tests and test variables, even though their sensitivity differed greatly. No specific type of test variable stands out to be the most sensitive, and no evidence for a differential deterioration of performance over time was observed. Conclusion: This study underscores the role of vigilance and sustained attention tests in the assessment of adult ADHD. It is further concluded that summary scores over the entire test duration are sufficient, but that all variables of a test should be considered. Finally, we hypothesize that reassessment on a different day may benefit a more accurate clinical assessment of adults with ADHD, in order to adequately take intraindividual fluctuations and limitations regarding test reliability into account. View Full-Text
Keywords: adult ADHD; neuropsychology; vigilance; sustained attention; impairment adult ADHD; neuropsychology; vigilance; sustained attention; impairment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fuermaier, A.B.M.; Tucha, L.; Guo, N.; Mette, C.; Müller, B.W.; Scherbaum, N.; Tucha, O. It Takes Time: Vigilance and Sustained Attention Assessment in Adults with ADHD. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5216. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095216

AMA Style

Fuermaier ABM, Tucha L, Guo N, Mette C, Müller BW, Scherbaum N, Tucha O. It Takes Time: Vigilance and Sustained Attention Assessment in Adults with ADHD. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9):5216. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095216

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fuermaier, Anselm B. M., Lara Tucha, Nana Guo, Christian Mette, Bernhard W. Müller, Norbert Scherbaum, and Oliver Tucha. 2022. "It Takes Time: Vigilance and Sustained Attention Assessment in Adults with ADHD" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 9: 5216. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095216

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